The Dissimilar Self-Alignment Characteristics of Smaller Passive Components in the Length and Width Directions
Keywords:SMT assembly, smaller passive components, self-alignment in length, self-alignment in width
Motivation: As passive components’ size gets smaller, quality rejects due to overhang and misalignment after the reflow appear more frequently. This situation is partly because the pass-fail criterion is set based on the offset concerning the component dimensions. Therefore, understanding the self-alignment characteristics of electronic components becomes very critical for surface-mount assembly yield. This research investigates the dissimilarity of self-alignment in the length and width directions.
Approach: To avoid the argument of sample to sample variations, data are collected from 81 printed circuit boards (PCB) and 182,250 assembled components. Within a PCB, 25 different solder paste printing offset locations and 81 component placement offset settings are implemented. Component-placement positions before and after the reflow are monitored. The results are compared to identify different component sizes’ self-alignment characteristics in the length and width directions.
Key findings: The misalignment of smaller passive components, e.g., R0402M(0.40 mm × 0.20 mm), is worse than the larger component under the identical solder paste printing and component placement conditions. Furthermore, the self-alignment characteristic in the length direction of these passive components, e.g., R0402M, to R1005M (1.00 mm × 0.50 mm) is superior to that of width direction. The observations are not consistent with the results found in earlier research that reported on larger components, e.g., C0402M(0.40 mm × 0.20 mm), to C3216M(3.20 mm × 1.50 mm).